Características textiles y longitud de fibra al descerdado en vellón de vicuña

Translated title of the contribution: Textile characteristics and fibre length at dehairing on vicuña fleece

Rubén Pinares, Franklin Lozano, Virgilio Machaca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this research was to determine the variation of textile characteristics and fibre length when manually dehairing vicuña fleece, as well as to evaluate the influence of sex, age, fleece sampling site, and place of origin of the vicuña on fibre quality characteristics. Manual dehairing was carried out on 77 samples of vicuñas from three provinces of the department of Apurímac, Peru. The textile characteristics of the fibre before and after dehairing were determined using OFDA 2000 device and evaluated by analysis of variance, t test and Tukey (α=0.05). The quality of dehaired fibres is superior to the non-dehaired fibre, due to the reduction of mean fibre diameter (MFD) (-1.68 µm), standard deviation of FMD (SD) (-0.73) and spinning fineness (SF) (-1.27 µm) and the increase in the percentage of fibres <30 µm (CF) (1.12%) and the mean curvature (CU) (6.75 °/mm). In dehaired fibre, juveniles have a finer MFD (12.24 µm) than adults (13.01 µm), the MFD of the midside is finer (12.39 µm) compared to the shoulder (12.81 µm) and rump (12.77 µm). Likewise, variation in textile characteristics (SD, CV, CF, and CU) and fibre length was found among the fleeces from the three provinces of Apurímac. In conclusion, manual dehairing reduces the mean fibre diameter and its standard deviation and increases the mean curvature and fibre comfort, improving the quality and uniformity properties of the yarn.

Translated title of the contributionTextile characteristics and fibre length at dehairing on vicuña fleece
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere27377
JournalRevista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Peru
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2024


Dive into the research topics of 'Textile characteristics and fibre length at dehairing on vicuña fleece'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this